Dangerous goods container packing declaration
Planning to export dangerous goods overseas by ship? If your cargo contains flammable, corrosive, explosive, or poisonous materials, it is mandatory to fill out a Dangerous Goods Container Packing Declaration.
According to South African law, cargo ships may not transport or take any packaged dangerous goods on board unless the shipowner or shipmaster is first given a Dangerous Goods Container Packing Declaration form.
Note: You can read more about the South African legal requirements for shipping dangerous goods in the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Regulations, 1997, as set out in the Merchant Shipping Act, 1951 (Act No. 57 of 1951).
What are dangerous goods?
For shipping purposes, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) defines dangerous goods as “…substances, materials and articles covered by the [International Maritime Dangerous Goods] (IMDG) code”.
The (IMDG) code was first adopted in 1965. The code’s main aim is to prevent all types of sea pollution and ensure human and marine safety. It stipulates how goods must be packaged and transported. The code is universal, and contains several mandatory stipulations. This means that all cargo-carrying vessels worldwide must adhere to the majority of requirements set out in the code.
The IMDG code classifies dangerous goods according to their properties. Table 1 provides a summary of these classifications.
|Class 2||Gases compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure, subdivided into three categories:|
• Class 2.1 Flammable gases
• Class 2.2 Non-flammable gases, being compressed, liquefied or dissolved, but neither flammable nor poisonous
• Class 2.3 Poisonous gases
|Class 3||Flammable liquids, subdivided into three categories:|
• Class 3.1 Low flashpoint group of liquids having a flashpoint below -18 °C, closed cup test
• Class 3.2 Intermediate flashpoint group of liquids having a flashpoint of -18 °C up to but not including 23 °C, closed cup test
• Class 3.3 High flashpoint group of liquids having a flashpoint of 23 °C up to and including 61 °C, closed cup test
|Class 4||• Class 4.1 — Flammable solids|
• Class 4.2 — Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
• Class 4.3 — Substances that, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
|Class 5||• Class 5.1 — Oxidising substances (agents)|
• Class 5.2 — Organic peroxides
|Class 6||• Class 6.1 — Poisonous (toxic) substances|
• Class 6.2 — Infectious substances
|Class 7||Radioactive materials|
|Class 9||Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles that pose a danger not covered by other classes. Where there is doubt as to the appropriate classification of dangerous goods, such goods must be classified by an approved classification authority.|
What must I indicate on my Dangerous Goods Container Packing Declaration?
Your Dangerous Goods Container Packing Declaration must contain the following information:
- The correct technical name of the dangerous goods, followed by the words “Marine Pollutant” if appropriate.
- Universal UN number* (if any) for each good.
- The class each good belongs to (see Table 1).
- The number and types of packages.
- The total quantity of packaged dangerous goods (gross mass or volume).
- Any additional information required by the IMDG code.
- A statement to indicate that the goods are packaged in accordance with the regulations set out in the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Regulations, 1997.
*UN numbers are four-digit numbers that classify dangerous and hazardous goods in the international transport framework. UN numbers are assigned by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
- You must provide the shipowner, shipmaster or freight forwarder with the declaration. If you make use of a freight forwarder, it is the forwarder’s responsibility to deliver the declaration to the shipowner or shipmaster.
- If you fail to provide a declaration, or provide false or misleading information, you will be guilty of an offence.
Figure 1 below is an example of a Dangerous Goods Container Packing Declaration form.